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RESPECTIVELY MAHATMA GANDHI 
1 satya na prayogo
2. SARVODAYA
3.maro jel no anubhav
Social Responsibility of Business Gandhi's Doctrine of Trusteeship
Gandhiji advocated trusteeship doctrine. It is based on the principle that all people having money or property hold it in trust for society. Society is to be regarded as a donor to the individual and accordingly the latter is required to share part of his acquired wealth with the society for mutual benefit. According to this doctrine, business organizations have to be viewed as socio-economic institutions to be run and owned by 'Trust Corporation' with considerably diluted shareholdings. Most of the ideas of Mahatma Gandhi on trusteeship find expression in his speeches, short notes, and press interviews and informal discussions. In the Nov. 26, 1932 issue of Young India, Gandhiji wrote:

My idea of society is that while we are born equal, meaning thereby that we all have a right to equal opportunity, all have not the same capacity. It is in the nature of things impossible. For instance, all cannot have same height, colour or degree of intelligence. Therefore, in nature of things, some will have ability to earn more and others less. Normally, people with talents will have more. Such people should be viewed to exist as trustees and in no other terms.

Organizations and individuals possessing surplus wealth over and above their legitimate and genuine needs should spend it on community welfare programmers as part of their social responsibilities. Explaining his ideas on this issue, Gandhi added:

Suppose I have earned a fair amount of wealth either by way of legacy or by means of trade and industry. I must know that all that belongs to me is the right to an honorable livelihood no better than what enjoyed by million of others, the rest of my wealth belongs to the community and be used for the welfare of the community.

In his address to the trade unions in Shri Lanka in 1927, Gandhiji observed that principles of trusteeship are applicable to the trade unions in the same way as they were to the business organizations. According to him: Each of you should consider yourself to be a trustee for the welfare of the rest of your fellow labourers treatment from your employers, proper sanitary lodgings, you will recognize that you should treat the business of your employers as if it were your own business and give to it your honest and undivided attention. Jesus Christ was greatly opposed to the idea of man possessing more wealth than necessary. According to the Holy Bible: It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God.

Bhagvat Gita too has expressed similar views on corporate social responsibilities, when it says:

Javata Priyate Dehuh Tavatsatva Hidehinam/ Adhikam yo bhibhanayat sa stano Dand marhati

(As much as is necessary for one's own living only that much one is entitled to have. One who has excess of this is a thief and deserves punishment)

Ishtan bhogan hi wo deva dasyante yagna bhavitah Tairdattan pradaryabhyo yo bhangyakte sten aiv sah

(Fostered by sacrifice (hard work), you will get all enjoyments. He who enjoys it without sacrifice and giving in return is undoubtedly a thief)

Na twaham kamep rajyam na swarnam na puparbhavam Kamaye dukh taptanam praninamarti nashwam

(Neither I desire Kingdom nor do I crave for heaven or salvation, I simply desire the end of miseries of all creatures, afflicted with grief) The corporate leaders today seek a positive image, one, which pictures business as part of the total society. Business houses seek to demonstrate not only their efficiency but also their humanism, their social awareness, and their response to national problems. Reliance Chairman Mukesh Ambani donated Rs. 5.5 crore to Prime Minister's Relief Fund as contribution towards tsunami relief. India Inc has not stopped at donations for victims affected by the tsunami. The entry of corporate India in the management of humanitarian aid has led to as many as 10,000 companies jointly pooling resources for relief work across the country. CII has set up coordination units in Chennai and Delhi. Tamilnadu state government wanted 3000 blankets for victims in Nagapatinam. The message was conveyed to CII, which then passed it to its member-companies. A businessman from Ludhiana chipped in with the entire requirement,

which was transported to Delhi by a transport company. Finally, it was picked up by Blue Dart and transported to warehouses in affected areas. Logistics and transport firms have made processes easy by carrying relief material for free. RPGs "Food World" chain in Chennai collected food, clothing and general provisions in their retail outlets, which were transported to relief camps by Samsung trucks. Several public sector undertaking also donated for the welfare of the victims of earthquake-generated tsunami. Power minister P.M. Sayeed, on behalf of all central power sector undertakings, presented a cheque of Rs. 15 crore to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The contributions made by National Thermal Power Corporation (Rs. 8 crore), Power Finance Corporation (Rs. 1.5 crore), NHPC, Power Grid and REC (Rs. 1 crore each) and SJVN, Peepco, DVC (Rs. 50 lakh each) went to the PM's Relief Fund to help in relief efforts for the people severely hit by catastrophic tidal waves. ONGC donated Rs. 2 crore towards relief efforts and distributed food packets in the Nagapattinam area. The petroleum major offered its helicopters for rescue operations and provided 3 meals every week for the victims in Chennai. The Punjab National Bank pledged Rs. 5 crores. to the PM's Relief Fund, and its employees donated one day's salary to PM's Fund. PNB authorized its various branches to collect donations for the relief fund, free of charge. In the last few years, there has been much talk and hype about the subject of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). It has become one of the leading issues at World Economic Forum's meetings. Economist Adam Smith who wrote the Bible of capitalism 'Wealth of Nations', more importantly also wrote 'A Theory of Moral Sentiments', in which he emphasized that sympathy and proper regard for others was the basis of any civilized society. Mahatma Gandhi believed in the trusteeship model, whereby the wealth one creates has to be ploughed back to the society. CSR may be defined as achieving commercial success in ways that honour ethical values and respect people, communities and the natural environment. In its simplest form it is `what you do, how you do it and when and what you say'.

Since corporate bodies have to draw on the community in which they operate for all resources, they also have obligations to their multiple stakeholders. Stakeholders are defined as those who get affected by corporate policies and practices. Today, it is acknowledged that business has not just financial accountability but also social and environmental responsibility, popularly known as the triple bottom line of good governance. Corporate bodies involved in discharging social responsibility practices are true followers of Trusteeship Theory of Gandhiji. The Mahatma said, "I must know that all that wealth does not belong to me; what belongs to me is the right to an honourable livelihood... The rest of my livelihood belongs to the community and must be used for the welfare of the community."

Gandhism is a body of ideas that

GANDHIAN
LITERATURE
Repository of
the rich
Gandhian knowledge
The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi/Sampoorna Gandhi Vangmaya
S.No Title View
1 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume I English | Hindi
2 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume II English | Hindi
3 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume III English | Hindi
4 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume IV English | Hindi
5 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume V English | Hindi
6 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume VI English | Hindi
7 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume VII English | Hindi
8 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume VIII English | Hindi
9 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume IX English | Hindi
10 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume X English | Hindi
11 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XI English | Hindi
12 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XII English | Hindi
13 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XIII English | Hindi
14 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XIV English | Hindi
15 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XV English | Hindi
16 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XVI English | Hindi
17 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XVII English | Hindi
18 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XVIII English | Hindi
19 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XIX English | Hindi
20 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XX English | Hindi
21 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXI English | Hindi
22 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXII English | Hindi
23 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXIII English | Hindi
24 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXIV English | Hindi
25 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXV English | Hindi
26 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXVI English | Hindi
27 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXVII English | Hindi
28 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXVIII English | Hindi
29 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXIX English | Hindi
30 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXX English | Hindi
31 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXXI English | Hindi
32 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXXII English | Hindi
33 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXXIII English | Hindi
34 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXXIV English | Hindi
35 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXXV English | Hindi
36 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXXVI English | Hindi
37 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXXVII English | Hindi
38 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXXVIII English | Hindi
39 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XXXIX English | Hindi
40 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XL English | Hindi
41 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XLI English | Hindi
42 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XLII English | Hindi
43 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XLIII English | Hindi
44 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XLIV English | Hindi
45 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XLV English | Hindi
46 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XLVI English | Hindi
47 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XLVII English | Hindi
48 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XLVIII English | Hindi
49 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XLIX English | Hindi
50 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume L English | Hindi
51 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LI English | Hindi
52 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LII English | Hindi
53 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LIII English | Hindi
54 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LIV English | Hindi
55 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LV English | Hindi
56 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LVI English | Hindi
57 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LVII English | Hindi
58 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LVIII English | Hindi
59 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LIX English | Hindi
60 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LX English | Hindi
61 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXI English | Hindi
62 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXII English | Hindi
63 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXIII English | Hindi
64 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXIV English | Hindi
65 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXV English | Hindi
66 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXVI English | Hindi
67 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXVII English | Hindi
68 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXVIII English | Hindi
69 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXIX English | Hindi
70 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXX English | Hindi
71 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXI English | Hindi
72 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXII English | Hindi
73 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXIII English | Hindi
74 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXIV English | Hindi
75 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXV English | Hindi
76 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXVI English | Hindi
77 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXVII English | Hindi
78 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXVIII English | Hindi
79 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXIX English | Hindi
80 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXX English | Hindi
81 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXXI English | Hindi
82 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXXII English | Hindi
83 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXXIII English | Hindi
84 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXXIV English | Hindi
85 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXXV English | Hindi
86 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXXVI English | Hindi
87 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXXVII English | Hindi
88 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXXVIII English | Hindi
89 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume LXXXIX English | Hindi
90 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XC English | Hindi
91 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XCI English | Hindi
92 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XCII English | Hindi
93 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XCIII English | Hindi
94 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XCIV English | Hindi
95 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XCV English | Hindi
96 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XCVI English | Hindi
97 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XCVII English
98 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XCVIII English
99 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume XCIX English
100 The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi-Volume C English